Rhett Drugge is a native of Darien, Connecticut and a graduate of
Upon graduation with a baccalaureate degree in Intellectual History,
he went to Capitol Hill and wrote senatorial speeches for Senator
Lowell Weicker for a year. A few years later, he distinguished himself
in medical research at Yale
University by discovering the receptor for cyclosporin A (the
major drug for organ transplant patients). He then matriculated
to New York Medical
College in Valhalla, New York where he went on to receive his
medical degree. While a medical student, he served some of his medical
rounds at Stamford
Hospital. He completed his medical internship at New
York University and then served his Dermatology Residency at
the University of
Certified in both Dermatology and Dermatology Surgery in 1992, Dr.
Rhett Drugge is a member of the Society for Investigative Dermatology,
the American Academy
of Dermatology, and the American
Society for Mohs Surgery. He is the founder of the Internet
Dermatology Society and he is the Chief Editor of the Electronic
Textbook of Dermatology. Rhett Drugge has written numerous database
information systems for networked medical record keeping, with a
special focus on physician to physician communications. He also
designs and tests imaging solutions for the skin care industry.
He is active in interviewing prospective undergraduates for Harvard.
His special academic interest is dermatology information systems.
Dr. Rhett Drugge is married to his wife, Heather and they have a
daughter named Grace and
a son named Frank.
Rhett Drugge's Internet Milestones:
||Originated "store and forward"
text plus image consultations in which have become the standard
of care in teledermatology for the largest hospital system in
the world, the Veteran's Administration, and the major backbone
of peer-to-peer education in dermatology.
||Participated in the interface design
of the Dermatology Online Image Atlas with Andy Bittorf, Thomas
Diepgen, Thomas Ray and Arthur Huntley.
||Recommended that clinical dermatology
email lists should be used primarily as a method of case discussions.
Dermatology Grand Rounds, the first web based interactive
dermatology case discussions.
||Founded the first online medical
society, the Internet Dermatology Society.
||Published the first medical textbook
on the Internet, the Electronic Textbook of
||Presided over the first meeting of
the Internet Dermatology Society, now in
its 5th year.
||Produced the first online dermatology
meeting with streaming video.
||Published a definitive study showing
the equivalence of store and forward teledermatology to traditional
dermatology in the JAAD.
||Created a systematic Dermatology
Quality Index for the 5th Annual meeting of the Internet
Scientist, inventor, editor, and consultant in the
private practice of dermatology and cosmetic surgery at the above
College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, A.B. 1977-81
New York Medical
College, Valhalla, New York, M.D. 1984-88
Medical Internship: New
York University - 1988-89
Chief of Service: Norton Spritz, M.D.
Dermatology Residency: University of Michigan, 1989-1992
Chief of Service: John J. Voorhees, M.D.
Board of Dermatology, 1992.
Active Medical Licenses
Connecticut 1992, #032482
New York, 1992, #189613
Tax Identification #: 06-1383859
DEA# BD 2031196
Connecticut Controlled Substance #20310
Attending Physician, St. Joseph Medical Center, Stamford,
Attending Physician, Stamford Hospital, Stamford, CT
American Association for the Advancement of Science
Fellow, American Academy of Dermatology
Member, American Medical Association
New York Academy of Science, #241191
Member, The Society for Investagative Dermatology
Fellow, American Society for Mohs Surgery
Research and Academic Activities
7/92 - Present
Remote Access Dermatology Research.
Member of the American Academy of Dermatology Telemedicine Interest
Group and the President's Special Committee on Technology.
Founder, The Internet Dermatology Society.
Founder and Chief Editor, Global Dermatology Grand Rounds, an Internet
based forum for exchange of challenging dermatology cases.
Telemedicine Editor, Dermatology Online Journal.
May, 1993 - initiated remote access service
to St. Joseph Family Medicine Center for the purpose of enhancing
family practice residency training.
December, 1994 - founded Global Dermatology Grand Rounds, an Internet-based
high-level teledermatology application.
February, 1995 - founded the Internet Dermatology
August, 1995 - produced the web site for the Society for Investigative
September, 1995 - demonstrated the use of the web as an organizing
structure for off-line dermatology lectures to primary care physicians
using materials from the Electronic Textbook
July, 2000 - submitted a patent on Total Immersion Photography
for Skin Disease Documentation.
11/89 - 3/90
Research associate, University of Michigan, Immunoprecipitation
of phosphotyrosinated substrates of epidermal growth factor receptor.
Sponsor: J.T. Elder, M.D. Ph.D.
10/85 - 9/86
Research associate, New York Medical College, part-time from
October to May studying immunofluorescent staining and cytolytic
assays with lymphokine-activated natural killer (LANK) cells; full-time,
from June to September, performing c-DNA library screening for the
nucleotide sequence of perforin-1, a component of LANK cell granules.
Sponsor: E.R. Podack, M.D.
7/85 - 8/85
Summer student fellowship, New York Medical College, studying the
influence of the cyclosporin A binding protein, cyclophilin, on
mitogen stimulated human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Co-sponsors:
J.W. Chiao, Ph.D. and R.E. Handschumacher, Ph.D.
11/82 - 8/84
Research assistant, Yale University School of Medicine, isolation
and purification of cyclophilin, the putative receptor for cyclosporin
A. Cyclosporin A metabolite studies. Sponsor: R.E. Handschumacher,
Presentations and Publications
Latest Publication: J Am Acad Dermatol 1999
Nov;41(5 Pt 1):693-702
Reliability and accuracy of dermatologists'
clinic-based and digital image consultations.
Whited JD, Hall RP, Simel DL, Foy ME, Stechuchak
KM, Drugge RJ, Grichnik JM, Myers SA, Horner RD
Institute for Clinical and Epidemiologic Research,
Veterans Affairs (VA) Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705,
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine technology holds great promise
for dermatologic health care delivery. However, the clinical outcomes
of digital image consultations (teledermatology) must be compared
with traditional clinic-based consultations. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose
was to assess and compare the reliability and accuracy of dermatologists'
diagnoses and management recommendations for clinic-based and digital
image consultations. METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight lesions found
among 129 patients were independently examined by 2 clinic-based
dermatologists and 3 different digital image dermatologist consultants.
The reliability and accuracy of the examiners' diagnoses and the
reliability of their management recommendations were compared. RESULTS:
Proportion agreement among clinic-based examiners for their single
most likely diagnosis was 0. 54 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.46-0.61)
and was 0.92 (95% CI, 0. 88-0.96) when ratings included differential
diagnoses. Digital image consultants provided diagnoses that were
comparably reliable to the clinic-based examiners. Agreement on
management recommendations was variable. Digital image and clinic-based
consultants displayed similar diagnostic accuracy. CONCLUSION: Digital
image consultations result in reliable and accurate diagnostic outcomes
when compared with traditional clinic-based consultations.
J D Whited, B J Mills, R P Hall, R J Drugge, J M Grichnik
and D L Simel
A pilot trial of digital imaging in skin cancer, Journal
of Telemedicine and Telecare, April 1998.
A. Bittorf, N.C. Krejci-Papa, T. Ray, A. Huntley,
D.C. Collison, R. Drugge, D. Hiller, M. Bergmann, T.L. Diepgen1,
Applications of the WWW: A Multicentered Dermatologic Image Database,
poster presentation, 3rd WWW Conference,
Chan, LS, Fine, JD, Briggaman, RA, Woodley, DT, Hammerberg,
C, Drugge, RJ, Cooper KD, Identification and partial characterization
of a novel 105-kDalton lower lamina lucida autoantigen associated
with a novel immune- mediated subepidermal blistering disease.:
J Invest Dermatol (1993 Sep) 101(3):262-7
Elder, JT, Pepinsky, RB, Drugge, RJ, Voorhees, JJ,
Wallner, B, Increased expression of lipocortin I mRNA, but not lipocortin
I protein, in psoriasis. poster presentation, Society
of Investigative Dermatology, May 1990.
Drugge, RJ, Handschumacher, RE, Cyclosporine: mechanism
of action. Transplantation Proc.,
Vol. XX, No. 2, Suppl 2: 301, 1988.
Handschumacher, RE, Harding, MW, Rice, J, Drugge,
RJ, Speicher, DW, Cyclophilin: a specific cytosolic binding protein
for cyclosporin A. Science, 226: 544, 1984.
Internet Web-based publications (currently
Textbook of Dermatology, R.J. Drugge, Founding Editor and Publisher,
Online Journal, Internet Editor, R.J. Drugge, 1996-present
Skin Pathology Conference in New York City (32
Seminar (1996) Vail, CO (20 credits)
Meeting (1996) Washington, D.C. (32
Meeting (1996) Orlando, FL (32 credits)
Meeting (1996) Washington, D.C. (15
for Phlebology Meeting (1996) Washington, D.C. (10
for Mohs Micrographic Surgery (1996) San Diego, CA (20
Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, CA (18 credits)
Seminar (1997) Aspen, CO (21 credits)
Meeting (1997) Washington, D.C. (15
Meeting (1997) San Francisco, CA (15
Institute Course (May 1997) Washington, DC (15
Meeting (July 1997) New York, NY (10
(October 1997) New York, NY (15 credits)
for Mohs Micrographic Surgery (1997) San Diego, CA (20
Meeting (March 1998) Orlando, FL (15
(1998) Nashville, TN (10 credits)
Institute Course (May 1998) Washington, DC (15
Meeting (May1998) Portland, OR (21
Surgery Course: Liposuction Congress (October 1998), Anaheim,
CA (10 credits)
(October 1998) New York, NY (13 credits)
Hands on Reconstruction November 1998) Boston, MA (18
Melanoma (November 1998) Boston, MA (20
Meeting March 1999 New Orleans, LA (40
Meeting March 1999 New Orleans, LA (5